University of Connecticut
Department of Marine Sciences

Dr. J. Evan Ward, Professor

Related Links: University of Connecticut Department of Marine Sciences Marine Sciences Major





Below is a list of selected scientific publications describing research conducted in or in conjunction with my Marine Environmental Physiology Laboratory. For a more complete list and printable version, select here. Many of these publications are available for download and can be accessed at my Research Gate Site.

Haynes, V.N., J.E. Ward, B.J. Russell, A.G. Agrios, 2017. Review: Photocatalytic effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on aquatic organisms - current knowledge and suggestions for future research. Aquatic Toxicol. [in press]

Zhao, S.Y., M. Danley, J.E. Ward, D. Lia & T.J. Mincer, 2017. An approach for extraction, characterization and quantitation of microplastic in natural marine snow using Raman microscopy. Anal. Meth. DOI: 10.1039/c6ay02302a.

Rosa, M., J.E. Ward, B.A. Holohan, S.E. Shumway & G.H. Wikfors, 2017. Physicochemical surface properties of microalgae and their combined effects on particle selection by suspension-feeding bivalve molluscs. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 486: 59-68.

Kramer, A.M., J.E. Ward, F.C. Dobbs, M.L. Pierce & J.M. Drake, 2016. The contribution of marine aggregate-associated bacteria to the accumulation of pathogenic bacteria in oysters: an agent-based model. Ecol. Evol. 6: 7397-7408.

Doyle, J.J., J.E. Ward & R. Mason, 2016. Exposure of bivalve shellfish to titania nanoparticles under an environmental-spill scenario: Encounter, ingestion, and egestion. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., UK. 96: 137-149.

Pierce, M.L., J.E. Ward, B.A. Holohan, X. Zhao & R.E. Hicks, 2016. The influence of site and season on the gut and pallial fluid microbial communities of the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin): community-level physiological profiling and genetic structure. Hydrobiologia. 765: 97-113.

Rosa, M., J.E. Ward, M. Ouvard, B.A. Holohan, E. Pales Espinosa, S.E. Shumway & B. Allam, 2015. Examining the physiological plasticity of particle capture by the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis (L.): confounding factors and potential artifacts with studies utilizing natural seston. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 473: 207-217.

Ortiz, V., R.P. Mason & J.E. Ward, 2015. An examination of the factors influencing mercury and methylmercury particulate distributions, methylation and demethylation rates in laboratory-generated marine snow. Mar. Chem. 177: 753-762.

Doyle, J.J., J.E. Ward & R. Mason, 2015. An examination of the ingestion, bioaccumulation, and depuration of titanium dioxide nanoparticles by the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) and the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica). Mar. Environ. Res., 110: 45-52.

Frank, D.M., L. Deaton, S.E. Shumway, B.A. Holohan & J.E. Ward, 2015. Modulation of pumping rate by two species of marine bivalve molluscs in response to neurotransmitters: comparison of in vitro and in vivo results. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A. 185: 150-158.

Doyle, J.J., V. Palumbo, B.D. Huey & J.E. Ward, 2014. Behavior of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in three aqueous media samples: Agglomeration and implications for benthic deposition. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 225: 2106.

Shumway, S.E., J.E. Ward, E. Heupel, B.A. Holohan, J. Heupel, T. Heupel & D.K. Padilla, 2014. Observations of feeding in the common Atlantic slippersnail Crepidula fornicata L., with special reference to the "mucus net."  J. Shellfish Res. 33: 1–13.

Pierce, M.L., J.E. Ward & F.C. Dobbs, 2014.  False positives in Biolog EcoPlatesTM and MT2 MicroPlatesTM caused by calcium.  J. Microbiolog. Meth. 97: 20–24.

Rosa, M., J.E. Ward, S.E. Shumway, G.H. Wikfors, E. Pales‑Espinosa & B. Allam, 2013.  Effects of particle surface properties on feeding selectivity in the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica and the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 446: 320-327.

Wall, C.C., C.J. Gobler, B.J. Peterson & J.E. Ward, 2013. Contrasting growth patterns of suspension‑feeding molluscs (Mercenaria mercenaria, Crassostrea virginica, Argopecten irradians, Crepidula fornicata) across a eutrophication gradient in the Peconic Estuary, NY, USA. Estuaries & Coasts, 36, 1274‑1291.

Allam, B., W.E. Carden, J.E. Ward, G. Ralph, S. Winnicki & E. Pales Espinosa, 2013. Early host‑pathogen interactions in marine bivalves: Evidence that the alveolate parasite Perkinsus marinus infects through the oyster mantle during rejection of pseudofeces. J. Invert. Path., 113: 26-34.

Cranford, P.J., J.E. Ward & S. Shumway, 2011. Bivalve filter feeding: variability and limits of the aquaculture biofilter. In: S.E. Shumway (ed.), Shellfish Aquaculture and the Environment, John Wiley & Sons Publ., 81-124.

Pales Espinosa, E., M. Perrigault, J.E. Ward, S.E. Shumway & B. Allam, 2010. Microalgal cell surface carbohydrates as recognition sites for particle sorting in suspension-feeding bivalves. Biol. Bull. 218: 75-86.

Lyons, M. M., J. E. Ward, H. Gaff, R. Hicks, J. Drake & F.C. Dobbs, 2010. Theory of island biogeography on a microscopic scale: Are organic aggregates islands for aquatic pathogens? Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 60: 1-13.

Ward, J.E. & D.J. Kach, 2009. Marine aggregates facilitate ingestion of nanoparticles by suspension-feeding bivalves. Mar. Env. Res., 68: 137-142.

Pales Espinosa, E., M. Perrigault, J.E. Ward, S.E. Shumway, & B. Allam, 2009. Lectins associated with the feeding organs of the oyster Crassostrea virginica can mediate particle selection. Biol. Bull., 217: 130-141.

MacDonald, B.A. & J.E. Ward, 2009. Feeding activity of scallops and mussels measured simultaneously in the field: Repeated measures sampling and implications for modelling. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 371: 42-50.

Li, B., J.E. Ward & B.A. Holohan, 2008. Effect of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) from marine suspension feeders on particle aggregation. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 357: 67-77.

Frank, D.M., J.E. Ward, S.E. Shumway, C. Gray & B.A. Holohan, 2008. Application of particle image velocimetry to the study of suspension feeding in marine invertebrates. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology. 41: 1-18.

Kach, D.J. & J.E. Ward, 2008. The role of marine aggregates in the ingestion of picoplankton-size particles by suspension-feeding molluscs. Mar. Biol. 153: 797-805.

Lyons, M.M., Y.T. Lau, W.E. Carden, J.E. Ward, S.B. Roberts, R.S. Smolowitz, J. Vallino & B. Allam, 2008. Characteristics of marine aggregates in shallow-water ecosystems: Implications for disease ecology. EcoHealth. 4: 406-420.

Heinonen, K.B., J.E. Ward & B.A. Holohan, 2007. Production of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) by benthic suspension feeders in coastal systems. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 341: 184-195.

Ward, J.E. & S.E. Shumway, 2004. Separating the grain from the chaff: Particle selection in suspension- and deposit-feeding bivalves. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 300: 83-130.

Ward, J.E. , J.S. Levinton & S.E. Shumway, 2003. Influence of diet on pre-ingestive particle processing in bivalves. I: Transport velocities on the ctenidium. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 293: 129-149.

Ward, J.E., L.P. Sanford, R.I.E. Newell, & B.A. MacDonald, 1998. A new explanation of particle capture in suspension-feeding bivalve molluscs. Limnol. Oceanogr. 43: 741-752.

Ward, J.E., J.S. Levinton, S.E. Shumway & T.L. Cucci, 1997. Linking individual function to ecosystem control: Identification of the gills as the locus of particle selection in a bivalve mollusk. Nature 390: 131-132.